Penggunaan 8×8 DotMatrix Max7219 dengan Arduino

Overview

Dot Matrik adalah array berdimensi 2 yang berisi LED, yang bisa digunakan untuk menampilkan characters, symbols dan images.

Biasanya 8×8 Dot Matrk mengunakan 64 LED yang disusun seperti gambar berikut ini, Untuk mempermudah wiring, kita mempergunakan MAX7219 Driver.

Dengan Max7219 terlihat lebih rapi, dan dapat diserikan sesuai kebutuhan.

IC Max7219 adalah IC 16bit serial shift register, dengan mengatur kecepatan perpindahan led dari off ke on atau sebaliknya, diusahakan menggunakan delay lebih dari 20 ms.

Specifications

where to buy
what we need
Schematic


Program

/*

*/

#include "LedControl.h"
#include "binary.h"

/*
 DIN connects to pin 12
 CLK connects to pin 11
 CS connects to pin 10 
*/
LedControl lc=LedControl(12,11,10,1);

// delay time between faces
unsigned long delaytime=1000;

// happy face
byte hf[8]= {B00111100,B01000010,B10100101,B10000001,B10100101,B10011001,B01000010,B00111100};
// neutral face
byte nf[8]={B00111100, B01000010,B10100101,B10000001,B10111101,B10000001,B01000010,B00111100};
// sad face
byte sf[8]= {B00111100,B01000010,B10100101,B10000001,B10011001,B10100101,B01000010,B00111100};

void setup() {
  lc.shutdown(0,false);
  // Set brightness to a medium value
  lc.setIntensity(0,8);
  // Clear the display
  lc.clearDisplay(0);  
}

void drawFaces(){
  // Display sad face
  lc.setRow(0,0,sf[0]);
  lc.setRow(0,1,sf[1]);
  lc.setRow(0,2,sf[2]);
  lc.setRow(0,3,sf[3]);
  lc.setRow(0,4,sf[4]);
  lc.setRow(0,5,sf[5]);
  lc.setRow(0,6,sf[6]);
  lc.setRow(0,7,sf[7]);
  delay(delaytime);
  
  // Display neutral face
  lc.setRow(0,0,nf[0]);
  lc.setRow(0,1,nf[1]);
  lc.setRow(0,2,nf[2]);
  lc.setRow(0,3,nf[3]);
  lc.setRow(0,4,nf[4]);
  lc.setRow(0,5,nf[5]);
  lc.setRow(0,6,nf[6]);
  lc.setRow(0,7,nf[7]);
  delay(delaytime);
  
  // Display happy face
  lc.setRow(0,0,hf[0]);
  lc.setRow(0,1,hf[1]);
  lc.setRow(0,2,hf[2]);
  lc.setRow(0,3,hf[3]);
  lc.setRow(0,4,hf[4]);
  lc.setRow(0,5,hf[5]);
  lc.setRow(0,6,hf[6]);
  lc.setRow(0,7,hf[7]);
  delay(delaytime);
}

void loop(){
  drawFaces();
}

Pong Game

/*  
 *   Play pong on an 8x8 matrix - project from itopen.it
 */
 
#include "LedControl.h"
#include "Timer.h"
 
#define POTPIN A5 // Potentiometer
#define PADSIZE 3
#define BALL_DELAY 200
#define GAME_DELAY 10
#define BOUNCE_VERTICAL 1
#define BOUNCE_HORIZONTAL -1
#define NEW_GAME_ANIMATION_SPEED 50
#define HIT_NONE 0
#define HIT_CENTER 1
#define HIT_LEFT 2
#define HIT_RIGHT 3
 
//#define DEBUG 1
 
byte sad[] = {
B00000000,
B01000100,
B00010000,
B00010000,
B00000000,
B00111000,
B01000100,
B00000000
};
 
byte smile[] = {
B00000000,
B01000100,
B00010000,
B00010000,
B00010000,
B01000100,
B00111000,
B00000000
};
 
Timer timer;
 
LedControl lc = LedControl(12,11,10,1);
 
byte direction; // Wind rose, 0 is north
int xball;
int yball;
int yball_prev;
byte xpad;
int ball_timer;
 
void setSprite(byte *sprite){
    for(int r = 0; r < 8; r++){
        lc.setRow(0, r, sprite[r]);
    }
}
 
void newGame() {
    lc.clearDisplay(0);
    // initial position
    xball = random(1, 7);
    yball = 1;
    direction = random(3, 6); // Go south
    for(int r = 0; r < 8; r++){
        for(int c = 0; c < 8; c++){
            lc.setLed(0, r, c, HIGH);
            delay(NEW_GAME_ANIMATION_SPEED);
        }
    }
    setSprite(smile);
    delay(1500);
    lc.clearDisplay(0);
}
 
void setPad() {
    xpad = map(analogRead(POTPIN), 0, 1020, 8 - PADSIZE, 0);
}
 
void debug(const char* desc){
#ifdef DEBUG
    Serial.print(desc);
    Serial.print(" XY: ");
    Serial.print(xball);
    Serial.print(", ");
    Serial.print(yball);
    Serial.print(" XPAD: ");
    Serial.print(xpad);
    Serial.print(" DIR: ");
    Serial.println(direction);
#endif
}
 
int checkBounce() {
    if(!xball || !yball || xball == 7 || yball == 6){
        int bounce = (yball == 0 || yball == 6) ? BOUNCE_HORIZONTAL : BOUNCE_VERTICAL;
#ifdef DEBUG
        debug(bounce == BOUNCE_HORIZONTAL ? "HORIZONTAL" : "VERTICAL");
#endif
        return bounce;
    }
    return 0;
}
 
int getHit() {
    if(yball != 6 || xball < xpad || xball > xpad + PADSIZE){
        return HIT_NONE;
    }
    if(xball == xpad + PADSIZE / 2){
        return HIT_CENTER;
    }
    return xball < xpad + PADSIZE / 2 ? HIT_LEFT : HIT_RIGHT;
}
 
bool checkLoose() {
    return yball == 6 && getHit() == HIT_NONE;
}
 
void moveBall() {
    debug("MOVE");
    int bounce = checkBounce();
    if(bounce) {
        switch(direction){
            case 0:
                direction = 4;
            break;
            case 1:
                direction = (bounce == BOUNCE_VERTICAL) ? 7 : 3;
            break;
            case 2:
                direction = 6;
            break;
            case 6:
                direction = 2;
            break;
            case 7:
                direction = (bounce == BOUNCE_VERTICAL) ? 1 : 5;
            break;
            case 5:
                direction = (bounce == BOUNCE_VERTICAL) ? 3 : 7;
            break;
            case 3:
                direction = (bounce == BOUNCE_VERTICAL) ? 5 : 1;
            break;
            case 4:
                direction = 0;
            break;
        }
        debug("->");
    }
 
    // Check hit: modify direction is left or right
    switch(getHit()){
        case HIT_LEFT:
            if(direction == 0){
                direction =  7;
            } else if (direction == 1){
                direction = 0;
            }
        break;
        case HIT_RIGHT:
            if(direction == 0){
                direction = 1;
            } else if(direction == 7){
                direction = 0;
            }
        break;
    }
 
    // Check orthogonal directions and borders ...
    if((direction == 0 && xball == 0) || (direction == 4 && xball == 7)){
        direction++;
    }
    if(direction == 0 && xball == 7){
        direction = 7;
    }
    if(direction == 4 && xball == 0){
        direction = 3;
    }
    if(direction == 2 && yball == 0){
        direction = 3;
    }
    if(direction == 2 && yball == 6){
        direction = 1;
    }
    if(direction == 6 && yball == 0){
        direction = 5;
    }
    if(direction == 6 && yball == 6){
        direction = 7;
    }
    
    // "Corner" case
    if(xball == 0 && yball == 0){
        direction = 3;
    }
    if(xball == 0 && yball == 6){
        direction = 1;
    }
    if(xball == 7 && yball == 6){
        direction = 7;
    }
    if(xball == 7 && yball == 0){
        direction = 5;
    }
 
    yball_prev = yball;
    if(2 < direction && direction < 6) {
        yball++;
    } else if(direction != 6 && direction != 2) {
        yball--;
    }
    if(0 < direction && direction < 4) {
        xball++;
    } else if(direction != 0 && direction != 4) {
        xball--;
    }
    xball = max(0, min(7, xball));
    yball = max(0, min(6, yball));
    debug("AFTER MOVE");
}
 
void gameOver() {
    setSprite(sad);
    delay(1500);
    lc.clearDisplay(0);
}
 
void drawGame() {
    if(yball_prev != yball){
        lc.setRow(0, yball_prev, 0);
    }
    lc.setRow(0, yball, byte(1 << (xball)));
    byte padmap = byte(0xFF >> (8 - PADSIZE) << xpad) ;
#ifdef DEBUG
    //Serial.println(padmap, BIN);
#endif
    lc.setRow(0, 7, padmap);
}
 
void setup() {
  // The MAX72XX is in power-saving mode on startup,
  // we have to do a wakeup call
  pinMode(POTPIN, INPUT);
 
  lc.shutdown(0,false);
  // Set the brightness to a medium values
  lc.setIntensity(0, 8);
  // and clear the display
  lc.clearDisplay(0);
  randomSeed(analogRead(0));
#ifdef DEBUG
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Serial.println("Pong");
#endif
  newGame();
  ball_timer = timer.every(BALL_DELAY, moveBall);
}
 
void loop() {
    timer.update();
    // Move pad
    setPad();
#ifdef DEBUG
    Serial.println(xpad);
#endif
    // Update screen
    drawGame();
    if(checkLoose()) {
        debug("LOOSE");
        gameOver();
        newGame();
    }
    delay(GAME_DELAY);
}

 

Demonstration

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